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Joint Family Disadvantages Essay Format

Read this article to get complete information on joint family system, its features, functions, other details.. 

Family is one of the universal and permanent institutions of mankind. In every society and at every stage of development we found some sort of family. As a result we found different types of family all over the world. But in India we found a peculiar family system which deserve special attention. The family in India does not consist only of husband, wife and their children but also of uncles, aunts and cousins and grandsons.

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This system is called joint family or extended family system. This joint family system is a peculiar characteristic of the Indian social life. Usually a son after marriage does not separate himself from the parents but continue to live under the same roof eating food cooked at one hearth participating in common worship and holding property in common and every person has share in it.

All the members of joint family keep their earnings in a common fund out of which family expenses are met. Accordingly Indian Joint family system is like a socialistic community in which every members earns according to his capacity and receives according to his needs. This joint family or extended family is organized on close blood relationships. It normally consists of members of three to four generations.

In other words joint family is a collection of more than one primary family on the basis of close blood ties and common residences. The entire members are bound by mutual obligations and have a common ancestor. It consist of an individual his wife and married sons their children and unmarried daughter, his brother and his parent.

But to have a clear understanding of the meaning of joint family we must have to analyze some of its definitions given by different sociologists.

Some of this definitions are as follows:

(1) According to Smt. Iravati Karve, “A joint family is a group of people who generally live under one roof, who eat food cooked at one hearth, who hold property in common and who participate in common worship and are related to each other as some particular type of Kindred.”

(2) According to K.M. Kapadia, “Joint family is a group formed not only of a couple and their children but also other relations either from father’s side or from mother’s side depending on whether the joint family is patrilineal or matrilineal.”

(3) According to Henery Maine, “The Hindu joint family is a group constituted of known ancestors and adopted sons and relatives related to these sons through marriage.”

(4) According to K. Davis, “The joint family consists of males having a common male ancestor female offspring not yet married and women brought into the group by marriage. All of these persons might live in a common household or in several households near to one another. In any case, so long as the joint family holds together, its members are expected to contribute to the support of the whole and to receive from it a share of the total product.”

Joint or Extended family

Thus we conclude that the joint family comprises of a large number of members which has greater generation depth and who are related to one another by property, income, household and mutual rights and obligations. It is organised on the basis of close blood ties.

Features or Characteristics of Joint Family:

Joint family has the following features or characteristics.

(1) Large in Size:

The most important characteristic of joint family is that it is large in size. Because it consists of members of three to four generations. It includes parents, grandparents, children grand children and other close blood relatives. Several nuclear families live together as one and constitute a joint family.

(2) Joint Property:

Joint or common property is another important characteristic of joint family. All movable and immovable property of the family held jointly. Ownership, production and consumption of property take place jointly. All the members pool their income in a common family fund from which expenditure is incurred equally irrespective of their income. The head of the family acts as a trustee of the family property and looks towards the material and spiritual welfare of the family members. A family continue to remain joint till it’s property held jointly. Division of property means division of family.

(3) Common Kitchen:

It is the next important feature of joint family. All the members of joint family eat food cooked at one hearth. There is division of work in a joint family. Male members work in the field whereas female members remain engaged in the hearth. The eldest female member remains in charge of the kitchen and supervises the work of other women. This joint kitchen keeps the joint family integrated. Because separate kitchen means separation of family.

(4) Common Residence:

All the members of a joint family live under a common roof or in a common residence. This joint living crates a sense of unity among all the members of the family. As the joint family consists of several nuclear family when it became too large and the accommodation became insufficient they may live in separate houses in close proximity to one another. Thus living in a common residence all the members eats similar type of food, wear similar type of dresses and shows similar type of behavior.

(5) Common Worship:

All the members of a joint family believe in a particular religion and worships common gods and goddesses. This common god is known as ‘kula devatas’. All the members participate in common prayer and worship their ‘kula devatas’ jointly. They have similar faith and beliefs. All the members celebrate religious rites, duties and festivals jointly. This joint worship passes from generation to generation.

(6) Similar rights and obligations:

All the members of the joint family except the head enjoy similar rights and shows similar obligations towards each other. This keeps the joint family integrated. Each member remain conscious about his rights and obligations.

(7) Close blood ties:

All the members of joint family are bound by close blood ties. In other words there exists close blood relationships among the members of joint family.

(8) Absolute power of the head:

In a joint family the eldest male member or the head enjoy absolute power over others. In every respect his decision is final and binding.

(9) Co-operation:

Co-operation is the basis of joint family. All the members co-operate with each other in realization of their common objective and while performing family functions.

(10) Socialistic Ideals:

Joint family based on socialistic ideals “from each according to his capacity and to each according to his necessity”.

The Functions of Joint Family:

Here is your essay for students on the Functions of Joint Family!

Joint family is a peculiar and unique social institution of Indian Society. Joint family or extended family system is a peculiar charac­teristic of the Indian social life. Since its origin it has been instrumen­tal in providing protection, economic support and recreation to its members. It also helps in fostering good qualities among the mem­bers. It nourishes and socializes its members. As an important social institution it has brought about the well being of its members in sev­eral ways. It performs many functions. Some of its important func­tions or advantages or merits are stated below:—

(1) Economic functions:

Joint family performs a number of economic functions. It guarantees food, clothing and shelter to its members. All the members of joint family works together on a coop­erative basis and in that way it saves money that would have been spent on hired labour. Besides collective purchase of household ar­ticles also saves money. It avoids fragmentation of agricultural land and thereby helps in increasing productivity. By this way joint family ensures economic progress of the family as well as society.

(2) Protective functions:

Joint family performs a number of protective functions for its members. It acts as a safe home for the physically or mentally handicapped, sick, old members.

It also acts as an asylum for the orphans. It also assures a proper living for the widows. Thus joint family acts as a social insurance company for the old, sick and destitute.

(3) Recreational functions:

Joint family performed a num­ber of recreational functions for its members. It provides healthy recreation to all its members. By arranging feasts on different reli­gious, social and festive occasions it provides recreation to its mem­bers. The joking relationships in the joint family are another source of amusement.

(4) Fosters social virtues:

Joint family fosters good social virtues like sacrifice, love, affection, cooperation, mutual help, self­lessness, renunciation among its members and makes the family a cradle of social virtues. Under care and guidance of the elders the youths are prevented from being wayward. These social virtues are learned during the process of socialization.

(5) Socialism:

Socialism prevails in joint family because it believes in the socialistic principle i.e. “from each according to his ability and to each according to his necessity. Hence Sir Henry maine is right when he remarked that the joint family is like a corporation where the father acts as it’s trustee. Earnings of all the members are kept in a common family fund from where the expenditures are met.

(6) Acts as a unique device of division of labor:

Joint family acts as a unique system of division of labor. All the advan­tages of modern division of labor are enjoyed by joint family. All the works of the family are equally distributed according to the abilities of its members. All the family members help during harvesting of crops. None is over burdened. It brought economic benefits to family.

(7) Provides leisure:

Joint family provides necessary leisure to its members. As all the works are divided among the members and it finish within a little time and the rest time is spent in leisure. Besides the sick and old member are provided with more leisure

(8) Agency of social control:

Joint family acts as an agency of social control. As an informal agency it controls the deviant behaviors of its members. The unsocial and anti-social activities of its members are suppressed within a healthy family environment.

Agency of Socialization:

Joint family acts as an impor­tant agency of socialization. Family first socializes the child. Child learns a number of civic virtues in the family. The environment of family guides the growth of a child. The child gets his first lessons in the family. The family moulds the personality of the individual and continues to exercise its influence throughout life.

Dysfunction’s (Demerits or Disadvantages) of Joint Family:

Here is your essay for students on the Dysfunction’s (Demerits or Disadvantages) of Joint Family!

Although joint family is an important social institution and has been performing a number of functions is not free from criticism. Inspite of its instrumental role in preserving the Indian social struc­ture it has many things to its discredit. However, joint family has the following dysfunctions and demerits.

(1) Hinders the development of Personality:

Joint family hinders the development of individual personality. The karta or the head of the family enjoy absolute authority in the family. His deci­sions are binding in family matters. Such authoritative nature of joint family leaves little scope for the development of self-dependency and personality of the junior members. Individual autonomy are severely restricted.

(2) Encourages birth rate:

Joint family encourages birth i rate. No individual member faces the problems of having more child j birth. It is the responsibility of joint family to bring up the children and provide education to them. Besides irrespective of parental income all children are treated equally in a joint family. Hence no individual finds any cause to control reproduction. Thereby it encourages birth rate.

(3) Home for idlers:

Joint family gives stress on collective responsibility. Some members take advantage of this and became lazy. In a joint family some active members work harder while others become lazier. Because in a joint family there is no reward for the hard working members and no punishment for the lazy members. All are treated equally in every respect. This also lessens the interest of hard working members in doing hard work. As a result joint family became a home for idlers and family prosperity is impaired.

(4) Pitiable condition of Women:

Conditions of women are very pitiable in the joint family system. They are the worst sufferer. They toil for the family day and night and eat only after all the male members. They enjoy low status in the family. Very often the daugh­ter in law faces different kinds of ill-treatment by the mother-in-law and sister-in-laws.

(5) Frequent Quarrels:

Because of large size in general and presence of many women in particular in the joint family quarrels occurs frequently. There is hatred, jealousy and constant bickerings among the female members. There is always clash of ideas, inter­ests, ideals and temperaments which makes the joint family a hotbed of quarrels. Quarrels became more severe when the male members got involved.

(6) Lack of Privacy:

Absence of privacy particularly to the newlywed couple impaired their personality in a joint family system. Due to the presence of large number of individuals and elders the newlywed couple could not meet each other during day time to dis­cuss their problems. Hence joint family environment is not congenial for the newly married couple to enjoy their life in full.

(7) Absolute authority of the head:

In a joint family system the head or ‘Karta’ enjoys absolute and unquestionable authority. Being the eldest member he is orthodox in his attitude and temperament. He normally do not allow new ideas and change to be introduced easily. Dynamic members do not find scope for utilization of their plan for development. Besides he insists on the practice of old customs, tradi­tions etc. All this hinders the process of development of joint family.

(8) Low Standard of Living:

Standard of living in a joint family is very low due to number of factors such as pitiable condition of women, lack of privacy, frequent quarrels and litigation, improper care of common property, laziness of some members etc.

In spite of the above dysfunctions joint family system still con­tinue to exist in modern day. Of course the system is breaking down in cities but it still prevails in rural areas. But it cannot said that the system has been completely abolished. It continues to exist in Indian Society withstanding the challenges of time. It still exists today in a renewed and modified form.

Joint family

Joint family is the big part of the life; no one can live without the prosperous of their family.  Everyone needs the family support due to any problem. When family comes together, then nobody can break it from togetherness. Everyone wants live with that family who helps in any problem at every walk of life.

“Love your family. Spend time, be kind & serve one another. Make no room for regrets. Tomorrow not promised & today is short.”

A joint family is an undivided family. Many members involve in the joint family where such as the one generation live together in an ordinary house.

A joint family is that family where some persons are living with together such as grandparents, father, mother, and children under the one roof.

A form of the joint family system in the mind of a member for example:

  • Some members of the joint family share the some common rights in the household property.
  • In the joint family, some members living with the expectation of making some financial contribution to the common fund.
  • All homemakers of the joint family made the food in the shared kitchen.
  • Family members make their daily expenditure from the ordinary family funds.

In some of the joint family such sons never get distant after marriage from their family, he lives together with their wife and children among the another family member on the one roof.

Generally, in the every joint family the subhead is the eldest member of the household. They restrict to the whole member by their power and functions. That chairman of the family is a trustee. He handled the economic and social decisions on behalf of the family.

There are some advantages and disadvantages of the joint family.

Advantage of joint family

The family always supports to the each and every family members. Whenever any problem is situated, then rarely other people helps, but family always supports each and other family members.

When the family is lives together, then in every festival creates so much pleasure and brings much happiness. Every moment of any festivals like Holi, Diwali, etc. people enjoys so much when they spent more time together and every movement of life.

Every family has the mutual adjustment and understanding. Naturally, those who are benefited by the generosity of others remain obliged and grateful.

  • Helps to better study of the children

In the big family, their kids study in the group according to their age matching. Naturally, the cousin’s study together, play together, quarrel together and even punished together.

  • Understanding during marriages

In marriages also the grooms for marriageable girls become a concern for all the elders in the family. Even if a daughter of a junior brother selected by someone because of her beauty or brilliance, he would not agree to her marriage until her senior cousin sister is married.

  • Minimum subsistence of the living

The necessities of all the family members taken care. Each member is guaranteed the lowest subsistence for the living.

The subjects in a joint family are self-imposed on its members. The head of the big family almost becomes its patriarch. The family prospers squarely if the patriarch and the other constituents observe the norms soundly and healthily.

The joint family system is the finally prevails the spirit of oneness.

Disadvantages of the joint family

There are different types of the disadvantages of the joint family, which is following such as:

  • Misbehavior in the partners

The misbehaviors’ of the partners in the joint family exploits the goodness and principled. It happens to only the income of the household.

Some of the joint family have many types of crook members, who exploits to the other innocent member of the household and also do the torture to them.

  • Money value among members

Almost, many people have this mentality to low that individuals who have little earned. High earning members often insults the small receiving members.

  • Burden in the joint family

The cost of education has gone up high. The high earning members often want their children to study in costly schools, but they don’t want to share the burden of the sons of the other officers of the family.

To great families, most of the important decisions made by the head of the household. Since all the individuals within the family don’t get the opportunity to participate in the main decisions of the family, they often feel lost or develop a feeling of inferiority complex.


The family is better than nuclear family due to the above advantages. But young generations are moving to towns and metro cities for searching of jobs, and then they live there. Due to space crunch in their home, income level and other reasons they can’t live with their parents, grandparents, etc.

The separation of families was evident in the joint families themselves. It happens when feelings of generosity, charity, and fellow-feeling not balanced by high moral line, character, and farsightedness. Joint family can be run successfully if the members remain committed to each other. The feeling of togetherness and selflessness is the essence of joint family.

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