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Health Policy Essays

Essay about The Phases of Healthcare Policy Making

1146 Words5 Pages

Some health care policy goals of society are delivery and financing of health care services. Health policy usually explains the movements engaged by governments; local, state, and national, to improve the society's health and welfare. It is a health care policy that stays more focused on discussing the health care needs of the majority of the population. The United States of America (USA) is the leading spender on health care than any other country (policy almanac,
2010). For years, health care expenditures grew at a far more swift rate than the Gross Domestic
Product (GDP), by using the majority of the country‘s capitals. The rising cost of health care and the determination to control the cost of escalation in spending is a major…show more content…

Some health care policy goals of society are delivery and financing of health care services. Health policy usually explains the movements engaged by governments; local, state, and national, to improve the society's health and welfare. It is a health care policy that stays more focused on discussing the health care needs of the majority of the population. The United States of America (USA) is the leading spender on health care than any other country (policy almanac,
2010). For years, health care expenditures grew at a far more swift rate than the Gross Domestic
Product (GDP), by using the majority of the country‘s capitals. The rising cost of health care and the determination to control the cost of escalation in spending is a major quarrel. The increase in cost and spending of health care affects many policies, consumers, physicians, government, children, and senior citizens. The crucial focus is based on the first three phases of how the procedure works with Medicare/SCHIP.
There are six stages of the policy making process, however, this paper will touch on three. There are three interrelated phases of health care policy making: the legislative stage, formulation stage, and the implementation stage. These three important organized stages take place in order to change a topic such as Medicaid, into a policy. The formulation stage is a planning cycle by stating an assumption. It is the main and most challenging stage in forming proper decision methods. The

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Healthcare Policy


Healthcare is a fundamental right of every citizen irrespective of any socially constructed indices and developmental narratives. But this right is not an affordable luxury for all and sundry to enjoy. Owing to huge disparities on vertical and horizontal lines, people of developing countries lack adequate healthcare facilities.. Such issues of access to and availability of health-related facilities are largely influenced by social and economic conditions as well as health policies in place. Healthcare systems are the regulatory mechanism for meeting the health needs of the population. According to World Health Organization, a well-functioning healthcare system requires; vigorous financial system, reliable and educated information on which to base health-oriented policies and decisions, competent and specialized workforce, and well-maintained health facilities to deliver qualitative medicines and services.

Health plays the key role in determining the human capital. Better health improves the efficiency and the productivity of the labor force, thereby contributing in the economic growth and an improvement in the human development index. To attain more skilful, efficient and productive human capital resources, governments subsidies the health care facilities for its people. In this context, the governments of developing countries, like Pakistan are investing their energies and capital to improve its health care system.

Improving health care systems, while containing cost pressures, is the core policy challenge faced by the developing nations in the world. Pakistan, being a developing and socio-economically vulnerable state, is not immune to this challenge. In the face economic fragility and financial crisis, Pakistan has been under heavy compulsions to re-examine and re-evaluate the challenge of poor healthcare system for the clear identification of strengths and weaknesses of the system to ensure quality of life to its citizens. In order to make human capital qualitatively productive and efficient, the government of Pakistan needs to work on macro and micro level issues, ranging from organizational shortcomings to practical implementation of available resources. The strategy formulations for the reform of health care services in Pakistan need to keep in focus ground realities. The primary requirement in the amelioration of healthcare system is to allocate minimum of 10-15% budget to public spending for health and development sector. Moreover, authorities should direct their resources and services towards the expansion of immunization programs, control communicable diseases, promoting nutrition gaps between different groups, sponsor greater gender equity in their healthcare services, creating public awareness regarding hazards of drugs, ensuring capacity-building for health monitoring, and redressing inadequacies of services and logistics at all hierarchal section of the organization. To make healthy nation an actual wealth, government of Pakistan must translate all suggestions into concrete reality.

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